After 41 years of unjust occupation, the current Saharawi Arabian Democratic Republic (SADR) continues to claim a referendum determining the former Spanish colony’s final statute.
Remember that on March 10, 1973, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Río de Oro (POLISARIO) took political control, although it is commemorated on March 20 because this date coincides with the first armed operation in Western Sahara. POLISARIO became a national liberation movement that would head the people’s military, political and diplomatic struggle.
On March 20, 1973, its first armed action took place when a small group attacked the Spanish military detachment of Janga, whereby since then, the movement commemorates its birth on this date. After the signing of the tripartite Madrid Agreement (1975) between Morocco, Mauritania and Spain, whereby Spain ceded its Sahara territories to them, the guerilla switched its struggle toward these countries.
Despite the fact that the judgment by the International Tribunal of the Hague of 1975, against Morocco’s and Mauritania’s claims to annexation, it recommended that the right to self-determination be exercised; the ambiguous text was interpreted by Morocco in its favor. Thus, on February 27, 1976, Spain permanently withdrew from Western Sahara, and that same day, POLISARIO unilaterally proclaimed the Saharawi Arabian Democratic Republic in Tindouf, Algeria and declared war on Morocco and Mauritania.
Today, the territory is almost entirely occupied by Morocco, although Moroccan sovereignty is recognized neither by the United Nations (UN) or by any country in the world and it is rejected by the POLISARIO Front, and on the occasion of the 41st anniversary of its creation, the Organization of Unrepresented United Nations (UUN), reminded the world that due to this occupation, today, nearly 200,000 Sahrawis live as refugees in the camps of Tindouf in a situation of constant food emergency, and other thousands suffer the repression of the monarchy of Morocco in the occupied territories of Western Sahara, especially since the start of the Intifada of Independence in May 2005.