The disappearance of the Soviet Union in 1991 outlined a complicated political map in Eastern Europe, where 15 countries arose and later has continued to break up with apparition of various regions that have declared their unilateral independence: the Russophones South Ossetia ad Abkhazia, of Georgia and Nagorno Karabakh, of Azerbaijan. Now, however, with the desire of Crimean populations to unite with Russia, both the European Union (EU) and the United States are worried by Crimea’s annexation to Russia.
We remember the resurgence of Transnistria in 1990, a State with less than 500,000 inhabitants that declared its independence from Moldavia and that eight years ago carried out a referendum similar to the one carried out March 16 in the Crimea, where 97% of the voters upheld independence and later free association with Russia. And on November 12, 2006 South Ossetia also held a referendum (not recognised by Georgia), with 91% participation, in which 99% of the voters supported independence and the union with North Ossetia and, as a consequence, with Russia.
Without a doubt, the annexation of Crimea with Russia worries the EU and the United States and they follow up by threatening Russia with taking reprisals for said aspirations, sanctified by Sunday’s voting for the referendum.
According to Moldavia’s Prime Minister, Iurie Leanca,
Crimea’s referendum and its possible annexation to Russia I a “contagious” example as he stated Monday, 17 March. Leanca assures that “the tense situation in Crimea is a threat to the entire region. The evolution of the situation will create more new problems and threats – direct and indirect – for Moldavia.”
It’s certain that the annexation of Crimea to Russia seems to be decided, and both President Vladimir Putin and his Chancellor Sergei Lavrov have said that Russia’s position before the majority of the population of the ancient ex-Soviet peninsula is clear, by emphatically affirming, “The decision of the huge majority of the Crimean population will be respected.”