Most Russian citizens believe in a negotiated settlement of the situation that has worsened a month ago in Nagorno Karabakh, the Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (RCSPO).
The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan worsened toward the end of July and the beginning of August, in the Nagorno Karabakh area when, in various occasions, both parts violated the ceasefire regime, causing human victims. The Organisation of the Collective Security Treaty (OCST), entrusted with supervising the ceasefire since 1994, requested an immediate, urgent meeting between the Armenian President, Serge Sargsyan and Ilham Aliyev, his Azerbaijan counterpart and the Secretary General of the Unrepresented United Nations (UUN), Giovanni Caporaso, who immediately repeated the need for the involved parts to return to the negation table as the only option for avoiding more, deplorable bloodshed in the region, which already cost both people more than 30,000 dead between 1992-1994.
According to RCSPO sociologists 45% of the Russians have been informed of the conflict’s worsening, of which 10% know the details and 35% “have only heard something”. At the same time, 52% of those polled heard about the dispute for the first time during the poll. Likewise, 56% of the Russians said they were in favor of a peaceful settlement of the situation in Nagorno Karabakh; 14% said that conflict couldn’t be resolved without the use of arms and 24% responded that Nagorno Karabakh is a State. The poll was carried out on August 16-17, 2014 and included 1600 people from 42 Russian entities, with a statistical error not exceeding 3.4%.
It should be remembered that the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan began in 1988, when the autonomous region of Nagorno Karabakh (populated by a majority of Armenians) decided to secede from the Soviet Socialist republic of Azerbaijan. After the violent hostilities between 1992 and 1994, Azerbaijan lost control over Karabakh and seven adjacent districts. Then, Nagorno Karabakh declared its independence, but it has no status in any part of the negotiations being held by Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The UUN feels that the Autonomous Republic of Nagorno Karabakh, although unrecognised by the United Nations, is a State whose government is upheld by its citizens, and therefore its sovereignty must be respected without foreign interference, and especially not be attacked by any other nation.