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  • What are the Human Rights?

    The basic human rights are freedoms, faculties, institutions, or claims related to the primary or basic goods belonging to any person, for the simple fact of having a human condition, for guaranteeing a decent life, without distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, sexual orientation, political opinion or of any other nature as, for example, their national or social origin, economic position, birth or any other condition.
    According to the authors of legal writs, Human Rights are independent or not exclusively dependent on existing legal systems, because they are considered the source of Law; however, from a positive legal point of view, the truth is that only countries that have signed the International Agreements on Human Rights, which is to say, the International Agreement on Civil and Political Rights (IACPR), the International Agreement for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (IAESCR), and their Protocols – the International Charter for Human Rights – are required to respect their legal status.
    So, for example, in relation to the death penalty, contrary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Second Optional Protocol of the International Agreement on Civil and political Rights, intended to abolish the death penalty, was not signed by countries like the People’s Republic of China, Iran, the United States, Vietnam, Japan, India and Guatemala.
    From a more relational legal point of view, the Human Rights have been defined as the conditions that favor the creation of a juridical relationship between the person and society, which allows persons to be juridical entities, so that they are able to identify with themselves and with others.

    Created on 24/05/2013 in FAQ

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